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The Kings and Queens of Spain

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The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Elena on Thu Nov 03, 2011 10:43 pm

Gareth Russell offers a complete list.
http://garethrussellcidevant.blogspot.com/2011/11/kings-and-queens-of-spain.html
Spain was first unified by the marriage of FERDINAND AND ISABELLA, who pursued the military unification of Spain after their marriage in 1474. However, it was not until 1556 that Spain truly came to be ruled as a single monarchy and between 1474 and 1556, it technically remained a dual monarchy, with power being shared between whichever members of the royal house inherited power in Aragon and Castile, the two kingdoms first united by Ferdinand and Isabella.

FERDINAND II, sometimes known as Ferdinand the Catholic, was Ferdinand V in Castile. He was King of Aragon, Sicily, the Naples and Sardinia. He was styled King Ferdinand V of Castile jure uxoris between 1474 and 1503. He ruled as his wife's partner from 1474 to 1479 and then they co-ruled Spain together between 1479 and 1503. He was married to ISABELLA I, sometimes known as Isabella the Catholic. She ruled from 1474 to 1503. After her death, Ferdinand technically shared power in a royal triumvirate with his daughter, Juana, and her husband, Philip.

JUANA, sometimes known as Juana la loca or Joanna the Mad, was married to Philip the Handsome, Archduke of Austria, who shared power with her in Castile as King PHILIP I. Philip I co-ruled with Juana and de facto with his father-in-law, Ferdinand II, from 1504 to 1506. After his death, Juana's technical co-ruler was her son, Charles. (See below.) However, in reality all power was shared between her son and father, since Juana was subsequently incarcerated on grounds of her allegedly unstable mental health. She continued to rule as Queen of Castile, in name only, until her death in 1555.

Read entire list: http://garethrussellcidevant.blogspot.com/2011/11/kings-and-queens-of-spain.html


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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Elena on Sat Sep 29, 2012 9:09 pm

King Juan Carlos is having troubles.
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/29/world/europe/juan-carlos-i-seeks-redemption-for-spain-and-monarchy.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0

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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Bunnies on Wed Jan 23, 2013 7:27 pm

I've always wondered how loco Juana the Loco really was. Certainly there seems to have been signs of severe depression, but I can't help but wonder if the presence of a woman on the throne made her family uncomfortable, leading to trumped up charges and - oh, isn't this convenient - generous men who selflessly take up the title of regent from their poor, helpless relation.

On the other hand, she totally seems to have fallen in love with a corpse so maybe there were some grounds for the allegations after all... silent
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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Elena on Wed Jan 23, 2013 7:36 pm

It's called post-partum depression. It may not have been as bad if Juana had had a doting, faithful husband. Crying or Very sad

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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Bunnies on Wed Jan 23, 2013 7:57 pm

Her last child had been born in January 1507. It wasn't until 1509/1510 that reports started being spread that Juana was mad. That seems like quite a gap and suggests to me that there were other factors aside from conventional postpartum depression.
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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Elena on Wed Jan 23, 2013 10:25 pm

Oh, but she was periodically displaying irrational behavior on and off all through her marriage. Her husband's death pushed her off the edge. And postpartum depression can last a long time, setting off a cycle of mood swings which can get worse if not treated properly. She may have eventually become bipolar. She might have been alright with the proper treatment.

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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Bunnies on Wed Jan 23, 2013 10:49 pm

Oh I didn't know that. In any case, I don't believe it would have been possible for her to receive proper treatment. They didn't really have a firm grasp on on the concept of mental illness at the time, did they?
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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Elena on Wed Jan 23, 2013 11:34 pm

No, no zoloft, etc. They did know about "melancholy" which was the name given to a spectrum of various disorders. Avicenna, writing in the 10th and 11th century, describes it as being the result of two much black bile. http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.001.0001/acprof-9780195151657-chapter-5 They may have had an herbal concoction or two which was supposed to restore balance to the humors of the body.

St. Teresa of Avila (16th century) writes about it in The Interior Castle, here: http://books.google.com/books?id=A5mmilfyd6MC&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&dq=St.+Teresa+of+Avila+melancholy&source=bl&ots=8oMYpOZdE3&sig=ZWczLmMWxj_MxwmSR0dVAHq6rX8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iZkAUYKbHYzO0QH7m4HoBg&ved=0CEAQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=St.%20Teresa%20of%20Avila%20melancholy&f=false

The Spanish nun emphasized that women with melancholy were not to be allowed to enter the order but should a nun fall into melancholy, then the best remedy was to keep the patient as active as possible. They had ways of treating such conditions which varied from place to place, probably oscillating wildly from prudent methods of learned physicians to the potions of quacks. Juana was locked away by her own father, mainly to keep her from interfering in his decisions. They have found letters that she wrote over the years during her imprisonment which show she was not psychotic but was capable of sound judgment in matters of state. It is a sad case.

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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Bunnies on Thu Jan 24, 2013 1:23 am

It is a sad case. I didn't know that about the Spanish nuns, that's fascinating. Shocked

I understand a desire for power, but to do that to your own daughter/mother just seems...abominable.
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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  princess garnet on Thu Jan 24, 2013 10:31 pm

Julia Fox's dual biography about Catherine of Aragon and Juana The Sister Queens (published last year) may of be interest to you. I read a library copy of it and enjoyed it.


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Re: The Kings and Queens of Spain

Post  Bunnies on Thu Jan 24, 2013 11:16 pm

Julia Fox? I hadn't known that she wrote anything aside from Jane Boleyn! Thank you for telling me!
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